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The Big Fail by Adam Levitin

The Big Fail by Adam Levitin


posted by Adam Levitin
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Last week the US Bankruptcy Court for the District of New Jersey issued an opinion in a case captioned Kemp v. Countrywide Home Loans, Inc. This case looks like the first piece of evidence in what might turn out to be the Securitization Fail or, in homage to Michael Lewis, The Big Fail.

Briefly, Countrywide as servicer filed a proof of claim for a mortgage in a bankruptcy case on behalf of Bank of New York as trustee for a securitization trust.  The bankruptcy court denied the claim because there was no evidence that Bank of New York ever owned the mortgage. The mortgage note had never been negotiated or delivered to Bank of New York, despite the requirement to do so in the Pooling and Servicing Agreement (PSA) that governed the securitization of the loan.  That meant that Bank of New York as trustee had no interest in the loan, so the proof of claim filed on its behalf was disallowed.

This opinion could turn out to be incredibly important.  It provides a critical evidence for the argument that many securitization transactions simply failed to be effective because non-compliance with the terms of the transaction:  failure to properly transfer the mortgage meant that the mortgages were never actually securitized.  The rest of this post explains the chain of title issue in mortgage securitizations and how Kemp fits into the issue.

Note and Mortgage Transfers in Securitizations

A residential mortgage securitization is a transaction that involves a series of transfers of two types of documents:  mortgage notes (the IOUs made by mortgage borrowers) and mortgages (the security instrument that says the lender may foreclose on the house if the borrower defaults on the note).   Ultimately, both the notes and mortgages need to be properly transferred to a trust that will pay for them by issuing securities (backed by the mortgages and notes, hence residential mortgage-backed securities or RMBS). If the notes and mortgages aren’t properly transferred to the trust, then the securities that the trust issues aren’t mortgage-backed and are worthless.

So the critical issue here is whether the notes and mortgages were properly transferred to the securitization trusts.  To determine this, we need to figure out two things.  First, what is the proper method for transferring the notes and mortgages, and second, whether that method was followed. For this post, I’m going to focus solely on the notes. There are issues with the mortgages too, but that gets much, more complicated and doesn’t directly connect with Kemp.

1.  How Do You Transfer a Note?


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Former Miami-Dade tax collector arrested for ‘FORGED INSTRUMENTS’

Former Miami-Dade tax collector arrested for ‘FORGED INSTRUMENTS’


Former Miami-Dade tax collector arrested for fraud

South Florida Business Journal

These are the highlights to this article:

The county’s Office of the Inspector General said Kenneth Arthur Ferguson, a former employee of the Miami-Dade County Finance Department, Tax Collector’s Office was arrested July 13. He was charged with one count of organized scheme to defraud, a second-degree felony; 11 counts of forgery; and 11 counts of uttering a forged instrument, third-degree felony charges.

The OIG investigation found that Ferguson, a tax records specialist II whose duties included collecting and processing tax payments from the public, forged his supervisor’s signature on employment verification forms and altered payroll statements in order to qualify for low-income housing.

Ferguson’s scheme was first discovered when an income verification form with the forged supervisor’s signature was inadvertently intercepted by an employee at the fax machine and placed on the supervisor’s desk. Upon seeing the document, Ferguson’s supervisor immediately realized her signature had been forged. The OIG was called to investigate the alleged misconduct.

The OIG found that Ferguson not only forged his supervisor’s signature on verification of employment forms, but also fraudulently altered payroll statements, which are official public records, to demonstrate a lower income. Ferguson’s actual income was higher than the qualifying limit for the reduced rent. From 2005 through 2009, the fraud garnered Ferguson $37,944 in rental housing benefits he was not qualified to receive.

Forging documents to qualify for special poverty programs feels much like a crime against the poor,” Miami-Dade State Attorney Katherine Fernandez Rundle said. ” In reality, it is a sad crime against every person living in Miami-Dade County.”

Read more: Former Miami-Dade tax collector arrested for fraud – South Florida Business Journal

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DinSFLA here…On a side note, my question is do these sections taken from actual Assignment of Mortgages below count as “Instruments” and “Forgery”?

(These are not part of the article by South Florida Business Journal)

Source Below:

STERN’S CHERYL SAMONS| SHANNON SMITH Assignment Of Mortgage| NOTARY FRAUD!

What about these?

Source:

******BREAKING NEWS******Scandalous – Substantiated Allegations of Foreclosure Fraud That Implicates the Florida Attorney General’s Office (Erin Cullaro) and The Florida Default Law Group (FDLG)

Or what about ALL OF THESE???

Source:

TOPAKO LOVE; LAURA HESCOTT; CHRISTINA ALLEN; ERIC TATE …Officers of way, way too many banks Part Deux “The Twilight Zone”

Source: FraudDigest

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