UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION AS RECEIVER FOR GUARANTY BANK
THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON,
NATURE OF ACTION
1. This is an action for damages against BNY Mellon for its breaches of contractual and statutory duties under the governing agreements, the New York Streit Act, N.Y. Real Property Law § 124, et seq. (the “Streit Act”), and under the federal Trust Indenture Act of 1939 (the “TIA”), 15 U.S.C. § 77aaa, et seq.1 as Trustee for 12 securitization trusts (the “Covered Trusts”), identified below, which issued residential mortgage-backed securities (“RMBS”) purchased by investors, including Guaranty Bank (“Guaranty”).
2. This action seeks to hold BNY Mellon accountable for abdicating its fundamental duties as the trustee to certificateholders such as Plaintiff. Under the agreements governing the Covered Trusts, BNY Mellon accepted virtually all of the powers designed to protect the certificateholders and was compensated for that role. BNY Mellon was essentially Plaintiff’s sole source of protection against breaches of the governing agreements by the other parties to those agreements, including the sponsors that sold the loans to the Covered Trusts and the servicers tasked with servicing the mortgage loans. BNY Mellon, however, shirked its duty to exercise its powers to protect Plaintiff and instead attempted to shorn itself of the responsibilities that trusteeship imports. While BNY Mellon stood idly for years, the sponsors kept defective mortgage loans in the Covered Trusts, servicers reaped excessive fees for servicing the defaulted loans from the Covered Trusts, and Plaintiff was left to suffer enormous losses.
3. The Covered Trusts were created to facilitate RMBS transactions sold to investors from 2005 to 2006. Eight of the RMBS transactions were sponsored by Countrywide Home Loans, Inc. (the “Countrywide Trusts”), and four were sponsored by EMC Mortgage Corporation (the “EMC Trusts”) (EMC Mortgage Corporation and Countrywide Home Loans, Inc., are referred to as “Countrywide” and “EMC” respectively, or collectively as the “Sponsors”).