Benz v. Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp || "...or that the parties to the transfer "were attempting to backdate an event to their benefit." " ||| Accordingly, we reverse the summary judgment.


Benz v. Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp || “…or that the parties to the transfer “were attempting to backdate an event to their benefit.” ” ||| Accordingly, we reverse the summary judgment.

Benz v. Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp || “…or that the parties to the transfer “were attempting to backdate an event to their benefit.” ” ||| Accordingly, we reverse the summary judgment.







Opinion filed August 22, 2014.

Appeal from the Circuit Court for Polk
County; Ellen S. Masters, Judge.
C. Michael Duncan of Duncan Law
Offices, P.A., Tavares, for Appellants.
Edward J. O’Sheehan of Shutts & Bowen,
LLP, Fort Lauderdale, for Appellee.


John Benz and Tricia McLagan, husband and wife, appeal a final
summary foreclosure judgment in favor of Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp. (Freddie
Mac). We reverse because the record fails to resolve material issues of fact regarding
Freddie Mac’s standing.

Freddie Mac filed the mortgage foreclosure action against Benz,
McLagan, and others on March 11, 2009. The complaint alleged that the note and
mortgage were recorded in January 2005 and that the mortgage was subsequently
assigned to Freddie Mac “by virtue of an assignment to be recorded.” The complaint
attached a copy of the mortgage only and included a count to establish a lost,
destroyed, or stolen note and mortgage. National City Mortgage Co. was the lender
identified in the mortgage; Benz and McLagan were identified as the borrowers. In a
motion to dismiss, the borrowers asserted, in part, that Freddie Mac was not the

Freddie Mac eventually filed an amended complaint dropping the count to
establish a lost note and mortgage and alleging that the mortgage was assigned to it “by
virtue of an assignment recorded on August 31, 2009.” The attached assignment
reflected that it was executed on August 5, 2009, after the foreclosure action was filed,
and recorded on August 31, 2009. The assignment stated that the mortgage was
assigned to Freddie Mac c/o National City Bank “as of the 3RD day of March, 2009,”
eight days before the foreclosure action was filed. It was executed by a vice president
of National City Bank, successor by merger to National City Mortgage Co. The
amended complaint attached a copy of the note this time, but not the mortgage. The
note bore an undated endorsement in blank by National City Mortgage Co.

Freddie Mac and the borrowers ultimately filed competing motions for
summary judgment. The borrowers’ motion attacked Freddie Mac’s standing at the time
the original complaint was filed. After a hearing, the circuit court granted summary
judgment for Freddie Mac, specifically rejecting the borrowers’ challenge to standing.
Summary judgment is governed by Florida Rule of Civil Procedure 1.510,
which provides in part that judgment “shall be rendered forthwith if the pleadings and
summary judgment evidence on file show that there is no genuine issue as to any
material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law.” Fla.
R. Civ. P. 1.510(c). We review summary judgments de novo. Volusia Cnty. v.
Aberdeen at Ormond Beach, L.P., 760 So. 2d 126, 130 (Fla. 2000).

The borrowers argue that the record does not conclusively show that
Freddie Mac had standing at the time it filed the original complaint on March 11, 2009.
Freddie Mac first responds that the issue is not preserved because the borrowers did
not raise lack of standing as an affirmative defense. While that may have been
preferable, the issue was nevertheless raised before the circuit court. As this court has
explained, the issue of standing may be raised by motion rather than by pleading an
affirmative defense.

[W]e reject the University’s argument that because Maynard
did not raise standing as an affirmative defense prior to trial,
he waived the issue. . . . [T]he pertinent question is whether
the issue was raised at the trial court, not how it was raised
. . . . [S]tanding may not be raised for the first time on
appeal; however, it does not necessarily require that
standing be raised only by means of an affirmative defense.
Maynard v. Fla. Bd. of Educ. ex rel. Univ. of S. Fla., 998 So. 2d 1201, 1206 (Fla. 2d
DCA 2009) (citations omitted).

The borrowers’ answer denied the allegations of the amended complaint
that pertained to standing, they raised lack of standing in a motion for summary
judgment, and they argued lack of standing in a memorandum filed in opposition to

Freddie Mac’s motion for summary judgment. Thus, the standing issue was argued to
and directly rejected by the circuit court, and we conclude that it was preserved for

On the merits, we reverse. Freddie Mac filed a note endorsed in blank by
the original lender, National City Mortgage Co. But the endorsement was undated, and
the note was not filed with the original complaint. Freddie Mac points out that National
City Mortgage merged out of existence in 2008; the endorsement necessarily predated
that event. But this does not mean that Freddie Mac obtained the note in 2008.
Nothing in the record shows when Freddie Mac obtained the note; specifically, the
record does not establish that it held the note when it filed the foreclosure action in
March 2009.

Further, the document assigning the mortgage to Freddie Mac was
executed and recorded several months after the foreclosure action commenced,
although it recited an effective date just prior to the date the complaint was filed. The
Fourth District has explained that two competing inferences may be drawn from an
assignment that prescribes an earlier effective date: that the subject of the assignment
was equitably transferred on the stated effective date, or that the parties to the transfer
“were attempting to backdate an event to their benefit.” Vidal v. Liquidation Props., Inc.,
104 So. 3d 1274, 1277 (Fla. 4th DCA 2013) (reversing summary judgment of
foreclosure because the record did not reflect as a matter of law the plaintiff’s standing
on the date the complaint was filed).

The record in this case fails to demonstrate Freddie Mac’s standing on the
date the complaint was filed. Accordingly, we reverse the summary judgment. See
Focht v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., 124 So. 3d 308 (Fla. 2d DCA 2013) (reversing
summary judgment of foreclosure when there was a genuine issue of material fact
regarding the bank’s standing at the time the complaint was filed; standing not
established by either bank’s subsequent filing of assignment dated after complaint filed
or bank’s filing of note endorsed in blank but undated and not submitted until several
months after complaint was filed). Our decision renders moot the second issue on

Reversed and remanded for further proceedings.


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One Response to “Benz v. Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp || “…or that the parties to the transfer “were attempting to backdate an event to their benefit.” ” ||| Accordingly, we reverse the summary judgment.”

  1. Charles Reed says:

    Well Fargo got a huge problem with the 1.3 million Washington Mutual Bank(WaMu)Ginnie Mae pooled loans it is servicing as the foreclosed on some of these loans. The foreclosed pretending as if because they are the custodian of record that they could foreclose for these loans.

    The fact is WaMu tricked the local land recorders with saying the were the holders on the Notes, however the fact is the holder without also holding the debt is NOTHING but a corporation committing Forgery, over and over again.

    WaMu was seized without possession of the FHA, VA or USDA loan that Ginnie Mae demands the Notes are signed endorsed in blank and then relinquished to Ginnie Mae in what is a remote bankruptcy procedure.

    As the procedure is done it separates FOREVER the Notes from the debts, and that WaMu is dead and Ginnie did not purchase the loan nor did Wells Fargo, then folks there is no debt! Thus the reason none of these loan were process for the “President’s Making Home Affordable” HAMPs. They instead foreclosed the loans illegally because they knew the homeowners could not fight a trillion bank!


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