DOLLENS v WELLS FARGO | NM 2nd Judicial District - Wrongful Foreclosure = $3.1 Million in Actual & Punitive Damages


DOLLENS v WELLS FARGO | NM 2nd Judicial District – Wrongful Foreclosure = $3.1 Million in Actual & Punitive Damages

DOLLENS v WELLS FARGO | NM 2nd Judicial District – Wrongful Foreclosure = $3.1 Million in Actual & Punitive Damages


Christopher Dollens et al.,


Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. et al.



Decedent James Dollens (Decedent) purchased a home in 2003, with a loan from Wells Fargo
Home Mortgage (Wells Fargo) for $133,700. Decedent’s loan was in good standing until his
accidental death on August 18,2010 at his workplace.

Prior to Decedent’s death, he purchased a mortgage accidental death insurance policy in January
2010. The policy was marketed and sold through Wells Fargo, and underwritten by Minnesota
Life Insurance Company (Minnesota Life). The policy premium was $15.12 monthly, and was
added to Decedent’s monthly mortgage payment and collected by Wells Fargo. Wells Fargo was
both the insured and the policyholder.

After Decedent’s death his son, Christopher Dollens (Dollens), notified Wells Fargo and
Minnesota Life via telephone call of his death. He also made a claim under the accidental death
policy to Minnesota Life, and told Wells Fargo that he would be appointed personal
representative of his father’s estate. Additionally, Decedent’s widow, Dina Dollens, contacted
Wells Fargo and notified them of his death and the accidental death policy.

As a result of the death of Decedent, no payments were made for several months on the
mortgage. Wells Fargo sent monthly statements regarding the loan being in default. In
December 2010 counsel for Wells Fargo sent a demand and cure letter regarding the missed
mortgage payments. Dollens retained counsel to provide the necessary documentation to Wells
Fargo showing that he was the personal representative of his father’s estate, and to notify them
that a claim was being made under the accidental death policy. In a letter dated January 10,2011
Dollens’ counsel requested that Wells Fargo not pursue collections and foreclosure while the
claim was pending. Wells Fargo did not respond to the letter.

In February 2011 Minnesota Life also requested that Wells Fargo delay any adverse action on
the account while the claim was pending. Again, there was no response from Wells Fargo.
Minnesota Life initially denied the claim under the accidental death policy, but subsequently
reversed its decision and approved the claim. It sent a Notice of Death form to Wells Fargo
requesting the balance due on the account. Wells Fargo completed the form on February 16,
2011 and stated that the amount due on the account at the time of Decedent’s death was

Also, in February 2011, Wells Fargo initiated a foreclosure against Decedent’s home, in spite of
the request by the Personal Representative’s counsel and Minnesota Life to delay adverse action
on the mortgage. Wells Fargo hired foreclosure counsel, and costs and fees accrued as a result of
the foreclosure action being filed.

On October 5,2011 Wells Fargo received a check for $133,559.15 from Minnesota Life for the
proceeds due under the accidental death policy. Rather than post and apply the funds
immediately, Wells Fargo posted the funds five days later, on October 10, 2011, placed them
into a suspense account and paid costs and fees, before applying the payment to interest and the
outstanding principal. Applying the Minnesota Life payment in this manner led to a balance of
$4,416.45 still being owed on the account.

Although the investor, Freddie Mac, in August 2012 authorized a charge-off due to the low
balance on the account, Wells Fargo continued collection efforts for some time. As part of the
collection efforts, Wells Fargo demanded amounts due which were not owed or valid. Beverly
DeCaro (DeCaro), a Wells Fargo employee, testified that continuing collection efforts after the
charge-off and demanding amounts which were not owed, were “mistakes”. She also testified
that the manner in which this account was handled was in keeping with the customary practices
and procedures of Wells Fargo.

With regards to the manner in which the insurance proceeds were applied, Wells Fargo posited
that because of the fees and costs which accrued due to the default and foreclosure action, it did
not consider the insurance proceeds to be sufficient to payoff the account in full, thus it applied
the funds as if the account were reinstated rather than being paid off. However, Wells Fargo did
not notify the Estate that the account was reinstated, and, more significantly, did not dismiss the
foreclosure action.

Despite the October payment of$133,559.15 and testimony that Wells Fargo considered the loan
reinstated, the order of dismissal in the foreclosure action was not entered until March 20, 2012,
months after the insurance proceeds were applied to the account. Wells Fargo offered no valid
justification for its continuation of the foreclosure action for five months after being paid.


The Court was persuaded by Plaintiffs’ evidence as to this claim. The Court finds numerous
willful breaches of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing and the Court also finds that Wells
Fargo committed a wrongful foreclosure.

Plaintiffs presented significant and credible evidence that Wells Fargo marketed and sold
decedent the mortgage accidental death policy. After decedent purchased the policy, Defendant
sent decedent an acknowledgement letter stating that his application was approved and enclosing
the policy. In addition, the letter informed decedent that the policy “helps protect your family
family’s financial security”. (Stipulated Exhibit 3) There can be no doubt that the insurance
policy was marketed to homeowners and created an expectation that the balance of their
mortgage would be paid in the event of their death and was done to provide peace of mind to
decedent and to prevent financial hardship to decedent’s heirs. There can also be no doubt that
such an expectation is reasonable. Wells Fargo admitted that payment of the mortgage balance
was the purpose of the insurance. (Wells Fargo’s Answer to Request for Admission No.3)

In light of the fact that Wells Fargo represented and sold the insurance policy on behalfofMLlC,
collected the monthly premiums for the policy, and had proof of decedent’s death, it should have
taken into consideration the policy before proceeding to foreclose on the property. Wells Fargo
sold the insurance to prevent this very scenario.

In spite of the fact that Wells Fargo sold decedent the mortgage accidental death policy, and was
the policyholder and insured, upon receiving news of decedent’s death, it did nothing to assist
the Estate insofar as making a claim or appealing the denial of the claim. The Court finds that
upon learning of the death of decedent, Wells Fargo should have made a claim with MLlC for
the death benefit. Apparently, ignoring its ability to make a death benefit claim is typical of how
Wells Fargo deals with such situations. DeCaro testified that while many mortgagors die prior to
the expiration of the term of the mortgage, Wells Fargo has no policies or procedures in place to
make claims or otherwise assist estates. This is a systemic failure on the part of Wells Fargo.
Beyond the fact that it has no policies or procedures with regards to accounts with mortgage
accidental death polices, it failed in this case to even take that fact into account. The evidence
showed that both MLlC and counsel for the personal representative requested that Wells Fargo
delay adverse action on the account while the accidental death claim was pending. Instead,
Wells Fargo proceeded to foreclosure on February 9, 2011. Wells Fargo’s inability,
unwillingness, and failure to take action when requested by MLlC is shocking, particularly in
light of Wells Fargo’s ongoing commercial relationship with MLlC.

The Court also finds that Wells Fargo failed to follow the Freddie Mac servicer guidelines, to the
detriment of the Estate. As testified to by Plaintiff’s expert, Andrew Pizor, and Wells Fargo
witness DeCaro, the servicer guidelines are for the benefit of the borrower. Specifically, Wells
Fargo should have granted the Estate a forbearance on the mortgage, and it failed to do so.
Plaintiffs’ expert, Pizor, testified credibly that Wells Fargo should have granted forbearance
based on the Freddie Mac guidelines, and had it done so, late fees, attorneys’ fees, and costs
would not have been incurred, and the foreclosure would not have occurred. Furthermore, the
Estate would not have had to hire counsel to represent it in the foreclosure and incur attorneys’
fees. Thus, this misconduct by Wells Fargo caused the damages to the Estate.

The Court further finds that Wells Fargo’s application of the insurance proceeds was improper
and again to the detriment of the Estate. Rather than apply the proceeds to interest and principal,
as required by the Note, Wells Fargo paid its fees and expenses, which led to the result of the
insurance proceeds being insufficient to payoff the outstanding balance under the Note. This
practice, according to Wells Fargo employees, should not have occurred.

The typical procedure when such a check is received is to only use the funds to payoff the loan.
Wells Fargo employee , Luann Tupa, testified to the practice and procedure. In addition,
Stipulated Exhibit 27 is a series of emails among Wells Fargo employees that discusses the
practice. Apparently, the normal Wells Fargo practice is that when optional product funds (i.e.,
mortgage accidental death proceeds) are received, attorneys’ fees are waived so that the funds
can be used to payoff the loan. As noted in the emails, the reason for the practice is because of
“the incredibly high reputational risk associated with these loans. Wells Fargo actually markets
these Life Insurance products with our mortgage portfolio and we service them attached to the
loan itself…we are honoring those benefits and doing as much as we can to have the loan paid in
full per that policy.”

Yet, in this case, that practice was not followed. Instead, Wells Fargo put its interests before the
Estate and paid numerous other fees, many of which were not proper, with the result that the
insurance proceeds were insufficient to payoff the loan balance. Clearly, Wells Fargo did not
honor the trust and confidence decedent placed in it when he purchased the policy with the intent
of avoiding this very scenario. Wells Fargo Vice President, Robert Dudacek, stated that
decedent’s decision to purchase the mortgage accidental death policy ensured his “family’s
financial security.” (Stip. Exhibit 3) Unfortunately, Wells Fargo took a course of action that
was for its benefit rather than decedent’s family’s financial security. The conduct by Wells
Fargo was a breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing and resulted in a wrongful
foreclosure. Plaintiffs’ entitlement to damages is discussed separately.


The Court was persuaded by Plaintiffs’ evidence with regards to this claim. Specifically, the
Court finds that Wells Fargo violated the Act by marketing and selling mortgage accidental death
insurance to decedent for the purposes of protecting his “family’s financial security”, and then
after it received notice of decedent’s death, attempted to collect the mortgage payments, and
then instituted a foreclosure when it knew there was a mortgage accidental death policy in place,
for which it had collected premiums for some months. The Court finds that because Wells Fargo
was the “licensed agency representing … the insurer”, it had knowledge that the purpose of the
policy was to pay the mortgage balance in the event of the mortgagor’s accidental death. The
Court further finds that Wells Fargo also knew that the decedent’s Estate would not be liable for
the debt unless the claim was denied, after all appeals.

Wells Fargo marketed the life insurance policy knowing at the time it sold the policy that it had
no policies or procedures in place to make claims or otherwise assist estates. Wells Fargo took
advantage of a lack of knowledge, ability, experience or capacity of decedent’ and his family
members, and its actions tended to or did deceive decedent.

The previously set forth acts by Wells Fargo are also a violation of the UPA. In particular the
improper fees and costs assessed against the account and continuing to try to collect on the
account after the charge-off of the loan, and improperly claiming that the Estate owed more
money than was due are violations of the UPA.

There is no doubt that Wells Fargo’s conduct was intended to take advantage of a lack of
knowledge, ability, experience or capacity of decedent’s family members, and tended to or did
deceive. Further, its conduct caused damages to Plaintiffs for which they are entitled to


The previously set forth acts by Wells Fargo are also a breach of contract. Plaintiffs met their
burden on this claim. The Court finds that Wells Fargo breached the terms of the Note by
improperly assessing fees and costs, which resulted in assessment of additional interest, fees and
costs against the account. In fact, Wells Fargo concedes that approximately $400.00 of
inspections fees paid by the Estate shall be reimbursed by it. (Pretrial Order and #51 of Wells
Fargo’s closing argument)

The evidence established that Wells Fargo violated the terms of the Note by using the insurance
proceeds to pay its fees and costs first instead of interest and the balance due. This
misapplication of the insurance proceeds caused the Note to keep a balance after the proceeds
were applied, which resulted in the account going into default again, and Wells Fargo claiming a
debt when none would have existed, but for its misapplication of the insurance proceeds.
Plaintiffs are entitled to damages.


Wells Fargo’s contention that Plaintiffs failed to mitigate their damages is unpersuasive. Wells
Fargo admits that the Estate should be reimbursed approximately $400.00 for improper fees, but
Wells Fargo has not paid that amount. Wells Fargo has not taken its own action that could have
lowered its damages or displayed any consideration for its customer/decedent’s heirs.

Plaintiffs I presented credible evidence of damages of$15,633.42 in improper late fees, improper
property preservation fees, corporate advance fees, monthly payments that would not have been
due had Wells Fargo properly applied the insurance proceeds and otherwise acted in compliance
with its duties to its customer. The Court finds each of these causes of action, Wrongful
Foreclosure; Breach of the Covenant of Good Faith and Fair Dealing; Breach of Contract; and
Unfair Trade Practices have identical damages of$15,633.42.

Undoubtedly, there was sufficient evidence presented to justify imposition of punitive damages
against Wells Fargo, or treble damages under the UPA. The evidence of Wells Fargo’s
misconduct was staggering. Certain evidence in particular highlights Wells Fargo’s indifference
to its customers. Wells Fargo charged the Estate for lawn care of the property (i.e., cutting the
grass), even though no grass was actually cut. The reason for this was that Wells Fargo claimed
that pursuant to the Freddie Mac guidelines, it was required to have the grass cut every 25-30
days; thus, it believed it was appropriate to bill the Estate for this regardless of whether it was
necessary. The property at issue did not have a lawn. This is but one of many facts supporting an
award of punitive damages.

Compelling evidence was presented that Wells Fargo acted intentionally by improperly assessing
fees and costs against the estate, misapplying the MLIC insurance proceeds check, failing to
follow the Freddie Mac servicer guidelines, failing to credit the account with the MLIC check
when it was received and assessing interest against the account for the five days it did not credit
the MLIC check, improperly initiating a foreclosure action, misrepresenting the status of the
foreclosure to the Court in pleadings, sending collection letters/monthly statements to the estate
claiming amounts not due, and improperly assessing fees against the estate for inspections which
were not necessary. All of Wells Fargo’s actions were designed to increase its profits without
regard for the decedent or his family, and in many instances, violated the terms of the Note.

Contrary to Wells Fargo’s arguments, the mistakes were not “minor.” During the pendency of the
litigation, and at trial, Wells Fargo used its computer-driven systems as an excuse for its
“mistakes”. However, the evidence established that this misconduct was systematic and not the
result of an isolated error, or an error because of some unique fact.

Plaintiffs expert testified that Wells Fargo has previously been assessed with significant punitive
damages or fines for improper behavior similar to the conduct that occurred in this matter. No
evidence was offered that Wells Fargo has changed its behavior as a result of any prior sanction
or punitive damage award. Instead the evidence was of ongoing systematic misconduct that
Wells Fargo prefers to label as “minor.”

The evidence in this case established that the type of conduct exhibited by Wells Fargo in this
case has happened repeatedly across the country. See e.g., In re Jones, 2012 WL 1155715
(Bkrtcy.E.D.La.,2012) (Wells Fargo assessed improper fees and charges, including for property
inspections and misapplied payments. Attorney fees and punitive damages awarded.); In Re
Stewart, 647 F.3 553 (5th Cir. 2011) (Assessed fees and costs against account prior to applying
mortgage payment, contrary to terms of the note.); Filson v. Wells Fargo Home Morg., Inc.,
2008 WL 3914899 (Tenn.Ct.App., 2008) (Wells Fargo wrongfully held funds in suspense
account instead of applying to mortgage balance which resulted in default and their subsequent
attempt to foreclose.); In Re Nibbelink, 403 B.R. 113 (M.D.Fla. 2009) (Wells Fargo charged
improper fees. Punitive damages and attorney fees awarded.); and De La Fuente v. Wells Fargo,
430 B.R. 764 (Bankr.S.D.Tex.2010) (Wells Fargo used bad accounting practices and failed to
correct its loan records. Punitive damages and attorney fees awarded).

Plaintiffs expert testified to an Office of the Comptroller of the Currency’s Consent Order which
found that Wells Fargo systematically mishandled foreclosures and applied payments
improperly. He further testified that what happened in this case is not an isolated incident.

While the Court cannot punish Wells Fargo for being “an unsavory individual or business”, it
nonetheless may consider its similar conduct when assessing reprehensibility as it relates to the
imposition of punitive damages. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., v. Campbell, 538 U.S. 408,
422-23(2003). In addition, under New Mexico law, the conduct of the Defendant towards others
may be considered in the determining the nature and enormity of the wrongful conduct. UJI131827A,

The Court is aware that it cannot punish Wells Fargo for acts in other cases, or for conduct
outside this case. Likewise, Wells Fargo cannot be punished for acts for which it has already
been punished. However, the Court can consider the reprehensibility of Wells Fargo’s systemic
misconduct, Wells Fargo’s net worth, and the need for deterrence. The evidence of wrongful
conduct in this case merits significant punitive damages.

This Court finds that Plaintiffs’ argument is persuasive that the attorneys’ fees which were
incurred by them should be considered in factoring the amount of punitive damages that should
be awarded. Due to the egregious nature of the conduct of Wells Fargo, the Court will consider
the fees in its calculation of punitive damages.

This Court finds that but-for this misconduct by Wells Fargo, Plaintiffs would have incurred a
small amount of attorney fees. Attorney fees are a recoverable damage under the UPA and under
NMSA §48-7-24.

Despite having multiple opportunities to contest the reasonableness of Plaintiffs’ attorneys’ fees,
Defendant raised no objection to their hourly rate or the time expended on each task. In spite of
Defendant’s failure to object to the reasonableness of the fees claim, the Court reviewed each
page of the Attorney Fee Affidavit and finds that the fees claimed shall be reduced by
$15,164.00 due to the fact that there appeared to be duplication of work among the Plaintiffs’
counsel, or the work did not require the efforts of more than one counsel. The claimed 1470
hours was reduced by 51 hours for total hours expended of 1419 hours’. The Court denies the
request for costs for electronic filing and attorney travel expenses with the exception of travel
expenses incurred to depose Wells Fargo’s 30(b)(6) witnesses in St. Paul, Minnesota, but
otherwise awards all fees and costs as requested by Plaintiffs for an award of $439,051.44, plus
gross receipts taxes on the fees.

As for the attorneys’ travel expenses incurred for the deposition of Wells Fargo’s 30(b)(6)
witnesses, the Court finds that those expenses are recoverable in this circumstance. The
depositions were the subject of Plaintiffs’ Motion to Compel 30(b)(6) depositions, filed on
September 10, 2012. In response to the motion, Wells Fargo filed a Response and Motion for
Protective Order protesting the taking of the witnesses’ deposition in Albuquerque. The Court,
at that time, decided that Plaintiffs’ counsel would travel to St. Paul, Minnesota to take the
depositions. Plaintiffs’ counsel reserved the right to seek re-allocation of the costs. The Court
believes that it is appropriate for these expenses to be a recoverable cost due to Wells Fargo’s
unwillingness to reduce fees and expenses by objecting to the witnesses’ deposition being taken
in Albuquerque, in spite of Wells Fargo’s presence in Albuquerque. Further, Wells Fargo
brought two of the three witnesses to Albuquerque for trial. It was only when Plaintiffs wished
to reduce the fees/expenses in the litigation that Wells Fargo objected to them traveling to New
Mexico. Accordingly, the Court finds that the travel expenses of $3,071.07 for travel to St. Paul,
Minnesota, are recoverable and included that amount in the award of $439,051.44. The Court
finds damages of $15,633.42, plus attorneys’ fees and costs of $439,051.44, for a total of

The Court awards $2,728,109.16 in punitive damages. As stated above, the Court considered
attorneys’ fees and costs incurred in factoring the award of punitive damages. By the time of the
completion of the briefing on the attorney fees issue and responding to Defendant’s Motion to
Strike, attorneys’ fees and costs amounted to $439,051.44.

Mindful of the ratios to be considered with regards to punitive damages, the Court believes that
Wells Fargo’s conduct justifies a higher ratio. In light of the repeated, systematic nature of
Wells Fargo’s misconduct, the Court calculated the punitive damages at six times the
compensatory damages of $454,684.86. Awarding a ratio of 6 results in a punitive damages
award of $2,728,109.16. Total damages, without treble damages under the UPA, are
compensatory damages of $15,633.42, attorneys’ fees and costs of $439,051.44, and punitive
damages of$2,728,109.16, for a total damages award of$3,182,794.02.

If Plaintiffs elect to recover all of their relief under the UPA, the Court believes that pursuant to
Atherton v. Gopin, 272 P. 3d 700 (Ct. App. 2012), the fee award may also be trebled. Thus, if
Plaintiffs elect for a recovery under the UPA, the total award would be $1,364,054.58.


At the time of trial, in response to Plaintiffs’ Motion for an Order Showing Admitted Facts As
Uncontroverted, Wells Fargo requested that it be allowed to withdraw the following admissions:

(2) In January of2010 Wells Fargo sold Mr. Dollens mortgage accidental death insurance under
the group policy with Minnesota Life. (Wells Fargo’s Answer to Plaintiffs’ Second Amended
Complaint, ‘il4, 73 and 99)

(18) Wells Fargo applied the Minnesota Life payment first to fees and costs assessed on
mortgage loan [sic], then to accrued interest and outstanding principal. (Wells Fargo’s Answer
to Plaintiffs’ Second Amended Complaint, ‘il51 and Ill.)

With regards to (2), Wells Fargo argued that this issue was contested by it and was mistakenly
admitted in its Answer. While Wells Fargo argued that its admission in the Answer to the
Second Amended Complaint was a mistake, the Court believes the facts belie the admission
being a mistake. For example, in the Answer to the Second Amended Complaint, Wells Fargo
admitted the fact three times. Also, in its Answer to the Amended Complaint, filed on March 12,
2012, (several months earlier) it admitted the very same fact. The Court believes that due to
Wells Fargo’s admission of this fact numerous times during the pendency of the litigation,
Plaintiffs were entitled to rely on it. Additionally, the admissions, coupled with the last-minute
request to withdraw the admissions, lead the Court to believe that Wells Fargo was attempting to
place Plaintiffs at a disadvantage for trial by attempting to change its defense strategy at a time
when Plaintiffs would have no opportunity to challenge the denial.

As for (18), Wells Fargo admitted the fact two separate times, and claims, yet again, that the
admission was a mistake. The Court was not persuaded that the admission was a mistake, but a
last-minute attempt to change strategy at trial. The Motion is denied.


At the conclusion of Plaintiffs’ evidence at trial, Wells Fargo moved for reconsideration of the
Court’s ruling in this companion case. 3 The Court denies the motion and its ruling stands as to
its denial of Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss the Unjust Enrichment claim.

As a result of that ruling, Plaintiffs’ counsel submitted an attorney fee affidavit to establish its
attorneys’ fees incurred due to pursuing the insurance proceeds under the Minnesota Life policy,
and fees incurred for having to file the lawsuit for unjust enrichment. The Court overrules Wells
Fargo’s objections as to the fees and concludes that the fees are reasonable, and prejudgment
interest of 15% is allowed. As for the costs, the Court finds that the itemized costs are
recoverable, with the exception of $26.00 in e-filing fees. Accordingly, fees and costs totaling
$51,879.08 up through April 16, 2013 should be awarded to Plaintiffs for those claims.


In response to Plaintiffs filing an Attorney Fee Affidavit for attorneys’ fees incurred as an
element of damages due to Wells Fargo’s misconduct, rather than address the reasonableness of
the fees, Wells Fargo’s counsel instead chose to file the above-referenced Motion. The Court
deems Wells Fargo’s failure to object to the reasonableness of the fees as a waiver. For the
record, Wells Fargo misconstrued the Court’s ruling as to the issue of attorneys’ fees when the
matter was briefly discussed at the conclusion of trial. The Court does not believe that Plaintiffs’
counsel submission of the attorney fee affidavit is in violation of any ruling, nor does it merit

To the extent that an argument can be made that the evidence of the attorneys’ fees incurred
during the litigation was submitted after the close of evidence, the Court finds that neither of the
statutes under which the Court is awarding fees limit the recovery to the time evidence closes.
Even if this was the law, Plaintiffs’ counsel presented good cause for the evidence to be reopened
for this limited purpose. Wells Fargo failed to establish prejudice as a result of this
attorney fee affidavit being submitted during the closing argument briefing period. Moreover,
prior to Plaintiffs’ counsel filing the affidavit, they offered to counsel for Wells Fargo the
opportunity to file a sur-reply to the Closing Argument Reply. Wells Fargo’s counsel’s response
to this offer was that they were “not interested.” Thus, Wells Fargo waived the right to provide
rebuttal argument/evidence to the Court on this issue.

As for the remaining arguments that portions of Plaintiffs’ Closing Argument should be stricken,
the Court was not persuaded, except with regards to Footnote 8 of the Closing Argument Reply,
which Plaintiff s counsel agreed should not be considered by the Court.

The Motion to Strike and for Sanctions is denied.


The Court withheld ruling on the admissibility of this document to allow Plaintiffs’ counsel an
opportunity to review it. Plaintiffs’ counsel has informed the Court that it does not object to the
admission of the document, thus it is admitted.

Finally, the judgment that is entered in this matter should carry post-judgment interest at 15%.

A copy of this letter decision shall be placed in the Court file.

Beatrice . Brickhouse
District Judge


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